Although microwave mixers play a critical role in wireless communication and other microwave applications employing frequency conversion circuits, engineers find that most books on this subject emphasize theoretical aspects, rather than practical applications. That 's about to change with the forthcoming release of Microwave Mixer Technology and Applications. Based on a review of over one thousand patents on mixers and frequency conversion, authors Bert Henderson and Edmar Camargo have written a comprehensive book for mixer designers who want solid ideas for solving their own design challenges. Many of the important and most interesting patents and related circuits are discussed in the several application oriented chapters. In addition, important contributions from the technical literature are included to provide a solid theoretical foundation. This book contains both introductory and advanced material about active and passive mixers that use bipolar transistor, FET, or diode switching devices. Theory and design details are presented for dozens of important mixer designs, with practical application information derived from the authors' decades of experience.
Table Of Contents
Origins of Electronic Mixers - History of Radio Development. Single Ended Circuits. Singly Balanced Mixers. Doubly Balanced Star Circuit. Special Receiver Architectures. Harmonic Mixers. Self-Oscillating Balanced Mixers. Distributed Mixers. Summary. ; System Parameters and Performance - System Overview. Digital Modulation. Error Performance. Receiver Architectures. Mixer Linearity. Noise. Noise and Distortion in Communication Subsystems. Dynamic Range. Summary. ; Semiconductor Modeling - Modeling Schottky Diodes. Modeling Bipolar Transistors. Modeling Field Effect Transistors. Summary. ; Passive and Active Coupling Structures - Balun Structure. Marchand Balun. Microstrip Baluns. Lumped Elements. Slotline Type. Active Approach. 180¬8 Hybrid Couplers (Magic-T). Quadrature Hybrids. Summary. Appendices.; Diode Mixer Theory - History of Linear and Nonlinear Analysis. Linear Mixer Analysis. Frequency Conversion Matrix. Computer Simulation Example. Large Signal Conversion Analysis. Subharmonic Mixer. Balanced Diode Circuits. Mixer Circuit Synthesis. Summary. Appendices. ; Diode Applications - Single Ended. Singly Balanced. Doubly Balanced. Triply Balanced. Quadrature Mixers. Subharmonic Mixers. Summary. ; BJT Mixer Theory - Low Frequency Mixer. Conversion Matrix. Mixer Properties. Design Study: CDMA Down-Converter. Cascode Approach. Singly Balanced Mixer. Singly Balanced Subharmonic. Doubly Balanced Mixer. Design Study: WiFi 2.45 GHz Gilbert Mixer. Differential Triple Level. Doubly Balanced Subharmonic. Subharmonic Triple Level. Summary. Appendices. ; Bipolar Junction Transistor Applications - Single Ended. Parallel Combined Mixers. Integrated Circuit Topologies. Doubly Balanced. Image Reject. Subharmonic Topologies. Summary. ; FET Mixer Theory - Gate LO Injection. Source LO Injection. Drain LO Injection. Resistive Approach. Cascode Mixer. Singly Balanced. Doubly Balanced. Subharmonic Mixing. Distributed Mixers. Summary. Appendices. ; Passive FET Applications - Single Ended. Floating Approach. Singly Balanced. Doubly Balanced. Distributed GaAs Applications. Summary. ; Active FET Applications - Single Ended. Singly Balanced. Doubly Balanced. Subharmonic Approach. Self-Oscillating FET Mixer. Distributed Applications. Summary. ;
received his master and Ph.D. degrees from University of São Paulo, Brazil, in 1976 and 1985, respectively. Within this time he took a leave of absence to work at the Centre National d'Études des Telecommunications (CNET) in Lannion France in 1977 and 1982. He was a teacher assistant and research engineer in the same university in Brazil, until 1993 when he emigrated to the U.S. He worked for Hewlett-Packard on mmWave Transceiver design and for Fujitsu Compound Semiconductor Inc., where he took the lead on frequency converter project. From 2000 to 2004 was director of engineering at Fujitsu coordinating the mm-Wave and handset developments. From 2005 to 2009 worked at iTerra Communication, Watkins Johnson Communications on power amplifiers for infrastructure applications and at RF Micro Devices on power amplifiers for handsets. From 2009 to 2012 was a MMIC design consultant, and in 2013 became a Principal engineer at Quinstar Technology in Torrance, California. He retired from QuinStar in 2017 and has since been working as a consultant. Edmar Camargo is a senior member of the IEEE-MTT Society, served on the technical program review committee from 1996 to 2008 and from 2015 to 2017. He also served as a member of the MTT-22 Signal Generation and Frequency Conversion and is currently Chapter of the MTT in Coastal Los Angeles Chapter. He and his wife, Marcia, reside in Lomita, California, have two sons, Marcel and Regis and three granddaughters, Maeve, Chloe and Nia.
Bert Henderson is a distinguished fellow of technology with Cobham Sensor Systems. He earned his MSEE from University of California Berkeley. Edmar Camargo is currently a consultant in California's bay area. He earned his Ph.D. from University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.