For engineers interested in working in the area of microfluidics, it is critical to have a solid understanding of how fluid flow in microchannels and devices is driven by pressure differences. This cutting-edge resource provides you with that essential knowledge. Offering you comprehensive and up-to-date details on all aspects of the subject, Pressure Driven Microfluidics presents the basic laws of fluid flow, and goes on to describe sophisticated devices like fluidic amplifiers and oscillators. Moreover, you get in-depth coverage of the various principles of signal and power transformations between the fluidic form and the mechanical, electric, thermal, acoustic, optical forms.
Additionally, this practical reference provides you with a survey of the wide range of microfluidics application areas, from microchemistry and biomedicine, to waste water treatment and anti-terrorist warfare. Other key discussions include simple components and devices; valves and amplifiers; basic microfluidic circuits; and sensors, transducers, and actuators.
Table Of Contents
Introduction and Basic Concepts - Meaning and Use of Microfluidics, Fundamental Properties of Devices. Flow Characterization Parameters. Regions of Operating Parameters. ; Basics of Driving Fluids by Pressure - Pressure and Flow. State Parameters. Conversation Laws. Dissipation. Branching Laws. Multi-Terminal Devices. ; Simple Components and Devices - Restrictors: Fluidic Resistance. Accumulation: Fluidic Capacitance. Diodes. Mixers. Nozzles. Diffusers. Capturing the Jet: Collectors. Jet Pumps. Alternative Connections. ; Valves and Amplifiers - Flow Control by Jet Deflection. Coanda Effect. Proportional Jet-Deflection Valves. Bistable and Monostable Valves. Sub-Dynamic Regime. Vortex Valves. Capillary Valves. ; Basic Microfluidic Circuits - Devices in Series and Parallel. Fluidic Pumps. Switching Selectors. Optimal Loading. Unsteady Regimes. Oscillators. ; Sensors, Transducers, Actuators - Sensing Position and Motion. Sensing Physical Properties and Parameters. Conversion to Electric Signal. Thermocapillary and Electrocapillary Effect. Manual Input. Fluidic Output Action. ; Application Examples - Microchemistry. Waste Water Treatment. Food Industry. Control of Flow. Cooling by Hybrid Jets. Fuel Cells and Energy. Security & Anti-Terrorist Warfare. Biomedical Applications. ; Other Principles - Electro-Osmotic Flow Control. Direct Chemical Conversions. ; Concluding Remarks and Perspectives.