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Artech House USA
Introduction to Active Phased Arrays

Introduction to Active Phased Arrays

By (author): Thomas Sikina
Copyright: 2023
Pages: 524
ISBN: 9781630818661

Hardback $179.00 Qty:
Digital download and online $170.00 Qty:
Written by a renowned expert in the field, this book presents the fundamentals of phased array systems, including contemporary and advanced methods. It features applications ranging from advanced and commercial radars to remote sensing, and multiple channel communications. You will find detailed coverage of fields and waves analysis, domain analysis, fundamentals of array theory, far field synthesis, Floquet theory, aperture weighting functions, impedance and mutual coupling theory, and many other technical applications in system design. The book helps you understand array fundamentals that can be realized by analog, digital or hybrid beamforming methods, reflecting perceived trends in the industry. You’ll also benefit from numerous practice cases, with examples and illustrations to sharpen your understanding. The book leads readers through practical observations, analysis, and design methods that equip both entry-level and experienced engineers with the basic information to solve today’s problems and be in position to take on next-generation engineering and scientific challenges.

Chapter 1 - Introduction to Phased Arrays
1.1 Phased Array History and Perspective
1.2 Fundamentals of Wave Propagation: The Wave Equation
1.3 Array Antennas
1.4 Aperture State Fundamentals
1.5 Array Far-Field Fundamentals
1.6 Frequency-Time Domains


Chapter 2 - Array Theory
2.1 Array Far-Field Radiation
2.2 Array Far-Field Fundamental Observations
2.3 General Array Theory
2.4 Two-Element Arrays
2.5 Linear Arrays
2.6 Planar Arrays
2.7 Conformal Arrays


Chapter 3 - Lattice Theory
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Floquet’s Theorem
3.3 Lattice Theory
3.4 Reordered Lattice Theory
3.5 Finite Array and Surface Wave Effects


Chapter 4 - Array Fundamentals: Supporting Theories, Part I
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Radiating Aperture Fundamentals: Three Domains
4.3 Array Architecture
4.4 Practical Limits
4.5 Near and Far Fields
4.6 Rotational Transforms


Chapter 5 - Array Fundamentals: Supporting Theories, Part II
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Radiated Gain
5.3 Polarization Domain
5.4 Phased Array Noise Temperature


Chapter 6 - Phased Array Radiating Elements
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Single-Element Dipole over Ground Plane Radiators
6.3 Single-Element Waveguide Radiators
6.4 Single-Element Patch Radiators


Chapter 7 - Active Radiating Elements
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Mutual Coupling and Embedded Elements in Arrays
7.3 Active Radiating Element Cases
7.4 Active Dipole over Ground Plane Radiators
7.5 Active Patch Radiators


Chapter 8 - Far-Field Synthesis, Part I
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Fourier Transform Method for Linear Arrays
8.3 Schelkunoff’s Form
8.4 Canonic Forms
8.5 Truncated Complex Gaussian Forms
8.6 Modified sin(x)/x Distribution


Chapter 9 - Far-Field Array Synthesis, Part II
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Woodward-Lawson Method
9.3 Dolph-Chebyshev Synthesis
9.4 Taylor Line Source Synthesis
9.5 Planar 2-D Array Distributions
9.6 Circular Aperture Distributions
9.7 Iterative Synthesis Methods
9.8 MLE


Chapter 10 - Stochastic Aperture Errors in Phased Arrays
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Stochastic Error Budgets
10.3 Periodic (Correlated) Array Errors


About the Author

  • Thomas Sikina

    has found a deep admiration for microwave and advanced radiation since Bob Klopack first introduced the fundamentals during the early 1970s. Tom has worked at many leading industrial sources: RCA, ITT Gilfillan, and Raytheon being notable entries. While at Raytheon, he has lead phased array efforts on a wide variety of programs and IR&D at Raytheon for many years. The author or co-author of multiple company internal technical articles and more than 30 patents on phased array technology, Tom has been an active supporter of the Raytheon RF symposium and has taught the internal Phased Array course at Raytheon periodically since 1997. Tom has also been fortunate to serve as an Adjunct Professor at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell since 2015, and attributes much of the recent array work to their fiery interest in the subject.

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